Sermon of Hazrat Fatima Zahra (s.a.) on Fadak

khudba-e-fadak

In the Name of Allah the Beneficent the Merciful

Allah’s blessings be on you, O Saaheb al-Amr (a.t.f.s.), help us and forsake us not

Preface

Dear Readers,

Salaamun Alaikum wa rahmatullah wa barakatoh

Indeed, the martyrdom of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) was a great loss to Islam and Muslims. The religion lost its propagator, the Noble Quran its interpreter, the companions their master and the Muslims their leader.

But the greatest and the most irreparable loss was felt by the progeny of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), the Holy Ahle Bait (a.s.) who at that time comprised of the young grandsons of the Messenger, Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.), his (s.a.w.a.) cousin and son-in-law Imam Ali (a.s.) and the coolness of his eyes, the part of his flesh and his beloved daughter Hazrat Fatima Zahra (s.a.).

The passing away of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) brought a complete change of events for the Holy Ahle Bait (a.s.). Not only did they lose their father, cousin and grandfather, but also faced hostilities from the so-called companions who troubled the progeny of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) in such a manner that Janabe Zahra (s.a.) had to recite the following heart-rending couplet:

“Such calamities befell upon me that had they fallen upon days, they (i.e. the days) would have changed to nights”

The intensity of these tortures were so severe that she (s.a) left this transient world for her heavenly abode and her father’s company, merely 75 days (or 90 days according to some narrations) from the martyrdom of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.)

Some of the physical and mental tortures that she faced were

  1. Snatching away of her husband’s right to be the rightful successor of her father
  2. Attack on her house just days after the demise of her father by her father’s so-called companions
  3. Getting trampled under the door of her house with its iron nails piercing her body and fracturing her ribs
  4. Martyrdom of her baby Janabe Mohsin Ibn Ali (a.s.) due to miscarriage on account of this barbaric attack
  5. Watching her husband and the Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) cousin, Ameerul Momineen Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.s.), being dragged to her father’s mosque
  6. Usurpation by the rulers of the great land of Fadak of which she was the rightful heir

In the light of the aforementioned afflictions, she (s.a.) decided to confront the rulers. She went to the Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) mosque and delivered a historic sermon which in itself is a miracle as it came from an 18 year old lady who was under so much pressure due to the atrocities and delivered to the oppressor right in his face, in his very court of oppression. She proved that she was the greatest woman that Allah the Almighty had ever created with unique talents, geniuses, wisdom and eloquence. Her (s.a.) sermon was an overwhelming revolt against the government where she tried to overthrow the thrones of the state and blow up the pillars of its rule.

Due to the enormous significance of this sermon, the Ahle Bait (a.s.) taught their children to memorize it.

In this booklet, we will reproduce this historic sermon she delivered in the Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) Mosque, Allah willing!

May Allah consider enumerate us all among those dedicated to the cause of Janabe Zahra (s.a.) and grant us her intercession on the Day of Judgment!

Shaikh Ahmad Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah have mercy on him) – the author of al-Ehtejaaj – reports on the authority of Abdullah Ibn al-Hasan vide his chain of narrators from his forefathers (a.s.): When Abu Bakr and others unanimously decided to deprive Fatima (s.a.) of Fadak and this news reached her, she wore her head covering, her cloak and her children and the ladies of her family surrounding and trailing her, she headed to the mosque. Her (s.a.) gait was exactly like that of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.). She entered the mosque and confronted Abu Bakr who was in the company of the Muhajireen and the Ansaar. She was made to wait without anyone paying attention to her. She sat and started crying in such a way that all the people with her started crying. The gathering became restless. She paused for a moment while the whimpering and sobbing of the people came to a halt and their wailing calmed down. She (s.a.) began her speech with Allah’s praise and His glorification and sending salutations on Muhammad (s.a.w.a.). On hearing her speech, the people started crying again. When they stopped crying, she resumed her speech thus:

 

 

The Sermon

Praise be to Allah for that which He bestowed (upon us), and thanks be to Him for all that which He inspired, and tribute be to Him for that which He provided; from prevalent favours which He created, and abundant benefactions which He offered and perfect grants which He presented; that their number is too large to compute, and too vast to measure; their limit was too distant to realize. He recommended to them (His creatures) to gain more (of His bounties) by being grateful for their continuity. He ordained Himself praiseworthy by giving generously to His creatures, and promised, through supplicating Him, to give more like them.

I bear witness that there is no god but Allah Who is One without partner; a statement which sincere devotion is made to be its interpretation, put into hearts its continuation and illuminated in the minds its sensibility. He Who cannot be perceived with vision, neither be described with tongues nor can imagination surround His form.

He originated things but not from anything that existed before them, and created them without examples to follow. He created them with His might and dispersed them according to His will; not for a need did He create them, nor for a benefit for Him did He shape them, but to establish His wisdom, bring attention to His obedience, manifest His might, lead His creatures to humbly venerate Him and to exalt His decrees. He then made the reward for His obedience and punishment for his disobedience, so as to protect His creatures from His wrath and amass them into His Paradise.

I bear witness that my father, Muhammad, is His slave and messenger, whom He chose and selected before sending him, named him before creating him, and preferred him by sending him; when creatures were still concealed in the unseen, guarded from that which was appalling, and associated with the termination and non-existence. For Allah the Exalted knew that which was to follow, comprehended that which will come to pass, and realized the place of every event. Allah has sent him (Muhammad) as perfection for His commands, a resolution to accomplish His rule, and an implementation of His decrees. So he found the nations to vary in their faiths, obsessed by their fires, worshipping their idols, and denying Allah despite their knowledge of Him. Allah illuminated their darkness with my father, Muhammad, uncovered obscurity from their hearts, and cleared the clouds from their insights. He revealed guidance among the people; so he delivered them from being led astray, led them away from misguidance, guided them to the proper religion and called them to the straight path.

Allah then chose to recall him back in mercy, love and preference. So, Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) is in comfort from the burden of this world, surrounded with devoted angels, the satisfaction of the Merciful Lord and the nearness of the Powerful King.

May the blessing of Allah be upon my father, His Prophet, the one trusted with revelation, the chosen one from among His creatures and His sincere friend! May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him!

You are Allah’s slaves at His command and prohibition. You are the bearers of His religion and revelation. You are Allah’s trusted ones with yourselves, and His messengers to the nations. Among you He has a right; a covenant He brought unto you, and an heir He left over you. That is the speaking Book of Allah, the truthful Qur’an, the brilliant light, and the shining beam; its insights are clear, its secrets are revealed, its indications are manifest, and its followers are blessed by it. It leads its adherents to bliss, and listening to it leads to salvation. With it are the bright divine authorities achieved, His manifest determination acquired, His prohibited decrees avoided, His manifest evidence recognized, His satisfying proofs made apparent, His permissions granted, and His written laws are achieved.

So Allah made faith to be purification for you from polytheism. He made prayer (salaah) a cleansing for you from conceit, the poor-rate (zakaah) a purification for the soul and a (cause of) growth in subsistence, fasting an implantation of devotion, pilgrimage a construction of religion, justice a harmony of the hearts, our (i.e. Ahle Bait a.s.) obedience as a system for religion, our leadership safeguard from disunity, holy war (jihaad) as a might for Islam, patience a   helping course for deserving divine reward, enjoining the good as a welfare for the public, kindness to parents a safeguard from divine wrath, maintaining kinship a cause for a longer life and multiplying the number of descendants, retaliation for sparing blood, fulfilment of vows deserving of forgiveness, completion of weights and measures preventing from ignoring others’ rights, prohibition of drinking wines an exaltation from atrocity, avoiding slander a veil from curse and abandoning theft a reason for deserving chastity.

Allah has also prohibited polytheism as a purification of His Lordship. Therefore,

fear Allah as He should be feared and die not but that you are Muslims.[1]

Obey Allah in that which He has commanded you to do and that which He has forbidden you from, for

only the scholars among His servants fear Allah.[2]

O People! Be informed that I am Fatima, and my father is Muhammad. I say that repeatedly and initiate it continually. I say not what I say mistakenly, nor do I do what I do out of transgression.

Now hath come unto you an Apostle from amongst yourselves. It grieves him that you should perish; ardently anxious is he over you, to the believers he is most kind and merciful.[3]

Thus, if you identify and recognize him, you shall realize that he is my father and not the father of any of your women; the brother of my cousin (Ali) rather than any of your men. What an excellent assistant to him he was, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his progeny. Thus, he propagated the Message, by announcing openly with the warning, and inclining away from the path of the polytheists, striking their middles and seizing their throats,

inviting to the way of his Lord with wisdom and good preaching.[4]

He destroyed the idols and broke the heads until their gathering fled and turned their backs, until the night revealed its morning, the truth appeared with its genuineness, the leader of the religion spoke out, and the discords of devils were silenced, the stuff of hypocrisy was perished, the knots of infidelity and desertion were untied. So you spoke the word of devotion among a group of the white starving ones (the Ahle Bait).

You were on the brink of a pit of fire,[5]

(you were) the drink of the thirsty one, the opportunity of the desiring one, the firebrand of a hasty passer and the foothold (implying that they were so low and subservient that they were a ready bite for the Romans, the Persians and some of the Arab tribes). You used to drink from the rainwater (gathered on roads and in which animals urinate) and ate animal skin. You were low and despised and always in fear lest men around should extirpate you, but, Allah the Almighty rescued you through my father, Muhammad (peace be on him and on his progeny) after the much suffering he faced, and after he was confronted by mighty men, the Arab beasts, and the insolent, mutinous men of the people of the Book (the Jews).

Whenever they ignited the fire of war, Allah extinguished it,[6]

and whenever the thorn of the devil appeared (the Satan’s followers revolted), or a mouth of the polytheists opened wide in defiance, he would send his brother (Ali) into its flames, who did not come back until he trod its head with the sole of his foot, and extinguished its flames with his sword. He (Ali) tired himself for the sake of Allah, and overworked to fulfil the command of Allah, near to the Messenger of Allah, a master among Allah’s devotees, sincere in his advice, earnest and exerting himself (for Islam), paying no attention, in the way of Allah, to any blame, while you were at ease, luxury, and feeling safe in your comfortable lives, waiting for us to meet disasters, awaiting the spread of our news, and you fell back during battles, and ran away at times of fighting. And when Allah chose for His Prophet (s.a.w.a.) the abode of His Prophets (a.s.), and the residence of His choices, the rage of hypocrisy appeared on you, the garment of faith became worn out, the silent one of the deviants spoke out, the sluggish ignorant came to the top and brayed, the camel of the falsifiers wiggled his tail in your courtyards, and the Satan put his head out of his socket crying out to and found you responsive to his invitation, and observing his deceits. He aroused you and found you quick (in responding to him), and invited you to anger and found you angry (to his invitation); therefore, you branded other than your camels and proceeded to other than your drinking places. You did so and the era (of the Prophet) was still recent, the wound was still wide and not yet healed, and the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was not yet buried. Did you so quickly claim the fear of sedition?

Surely, into sedition have they already tumbled down, and most surely hell encompasses the unbelievers.[7]

How far to you, what is the matter with you, and where are you heading! Allah’s Book is still among you, its affairs are clear, its rules are manifest, its signs are bright, its restrictions are visible, and its commands are evident. Yet, indeed you have thrown it behind your backs! Do you want to turn away from it? Or according to something else you want to rule?

Evil would be the exchange for the wrongdoers![8]

And if anyone desires a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him, and in the hereafter, he will be in the ranks of those who have lost.[9]

Then you have not waited until its rush would calm down, and it became obedient. You then began arousing its flames, instigating its brand, responding to the call of the misguiding Satan, putting out the lights of the manifest religion, and annulling the Sunnah of the sincere Prophet (s.a.w.a.). You conceal sips on foam and march towards his (the Prophet) family and children in thickets and forests, but we are patient with you as if we are being nicked with daggers and stung by spearheads in our abdomens, and now you claim that there is no inheritance for us!

Is it then the judgment of (the times of) paganism that they desire? And who is better than Allah to judge for a people who are sure?[10]

Do you not know? Yes, indeed it is obvious to you like the sun of the forenoon that I am his daughter.

O Muslims! Is my inheritance usurped? O son of Abu Quhafa, is it in the Book of Allah that you inherit your father and I do not inherit my father?

Surely you have done a strange thing![11]

Did you voluntarily desert the Book of Allah and turned your back on it? Allah said:

And Sulaiman was Dawood’s heir.[12]

and said about Yahya bin Zachariah:

Grant me from Thyself an heir, who should inherit me and inherit from the children of Yaqoub.[13]

and said:

And the possessors of relationships are nearer to each other in the ordinance of Allah.[14]

and He said:

Allah enjoins you concerning your children: The male shall have the equal of the portion of two females.[15]

and He said:

Bequest is prescribed for you when death approaches one of you, if he leaves behind wealth for parents and near relatives.[16]

You claimed that I have no position and no inheritance from my father, and there is no kinship between us. So did Allah distinguish you with a verse, from which He excluded my father? Or do you say: people of two religions do not inherit each other? Am I and my father not of one religion? Or are you more aware of the Qur’an than my father and my cousin?

So, here it is before you! Take it (ready with) with its noseband and saddle! It shall dispute with you on the Day of Punishment; what a fair judge Allah is, the master is Muhammad, and the appointment is the Day of Resurrection. At the time of the Hour the wrongdoers shall lose, and it shall not benefit you to regret then!

For every Message, there is a time limit, and ye shall know to whom a punishment that will confound him comes, and upon whom a lasting doom will fall.[17]

Hazrat Fatima (a.s.) then turned towards the Ansar and said,

“O you people of magnanimity, the supporters of the nation, and the defenders of Islam, what is this short-coming in defending my right? And what is this slumber before the wrong done to me? Did not the Messenger of Allah, my father, say: ‘A man is observed through his children’? How quick have you violated (his orders), and how soon have you let down? Though you still are able to help me in my attempt, and powerful to assist what I request.

Do you say: ‘Muhammad has died’? Surely, this is a great calamity that its damage is great, its injury is wide, and its wound is much torn. The earth became dark with his departure, the sun and the moon eclipsed, the stars scattered for his calamity, hopes were skimped, mountains submitted, sanctity was violated, and holiness was encroached after his death. This, by Allah, is the great affliction, and the impressive calamity that there is no an affliction, nor is there a sudden misfortune like it. The Book of Allah, the Most Praised, announced in your courtyards, in your evenings and mornings in calling, crying, recitation, and intonation; and before him what had happened to the prophets and messengers of Allah; a final decree, and a determined predestination:

Muhammad is not but an Apostle; many were the apostles that passed away before him. If he died or was killed, will you then turn back on your heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; but Allah will reward those who are grateful.[18]

O Children of Qaylah,[19] is the inheritance of my father usurped while you hear and see me?! And you are in your meetings and gatherings around me? You hear my call, and the affair includes you though you are numerous and well equipped with power and good shield?! The call reaches you but you do not respond and the cry comes to you but you do not help? You do this while you are qualified by struggle, known for goodness and welfare, and are the choice that were chosen, and the best selection that were selected for us, Ahlul-Bayt.

You fought the Arabs, bore tiredness and exhaustion, struggled against the nations and resisted their mutinous ones. We continued in the same way or you continued? We ordered you and you obeyed, until when Islam became triumphant, the accomplishment of the days was at hand, the nose of polytheism was subjected, the outburst of falsehood was calmed, the fires of infidelity were put out, the call of commotion was quelled, and the system of religion was well-ordered, then why have you become confused after lucidity, concealed after the openness, receded after daring and became polytheists after faith?

Will you not fight the people who broke their oaths and aimed at expelling the Messenger, and they attacked you first; do you fear them? But Allah is most deserving that you should fear Him, if you are believers.[20]

Surely, I see that you have inclined to ease, dismissed one who is worthier of giving and preventing, secluded yourselves with easiness, escaped from narrowness to abundance, so you spat out what you had contained, and vomited what you had drunk;

If you are ungrateful, you and those on earth all together, most surely Allah is Self-sufficient, Praised.[21]

Surely, I have said all that which I said with knowing of the disappointment that preoccupied you and the betrayal that your hearts felt but it is the efflux of the self, the emitting of rage, the weakness of spears, the diffusion of (what is in) the chest, and the awarding of the proof. And so, here it is! Carry it on a pussy back (of a camel), which has a thin slipper, with everlasting disgrace, marked with the wrath of Allah, and eternal dishonor, attached to the burning Fire of Allah, which rises above the hearts. It is in the eye of Allah that which you do (and those who do wrong will come to know by what a (great) reverse they will be overturned!) And I am the daughter of a warner (the Prophet) to you against a severe punishment.

So, act and we are acting, and wait and we are waiting[22].[23]

In this immortal sermon, Hazrat Fatima (a.s.) called for revolt to overthrow the government and return the right to its people. This striking sermon made hearts feel fear, sights submit, and souls yield. Straying fancies were about to go back to reason, and the right to its people, but the ruler could, through his cunningness and Machiavellian politics, control the situation and save his government from being overthrown.

He said to her that he had not assumed the rule due to his own desire, but he had been elected by the Muslims, and the severe procedures too were not out of his own opinion but they were out the Muslims’ opinion. By that, he attracted the Muslims’ feelings to him and put out the fire of the revolution and did away with all its tokens.

Janabe Fatima (a.s.), disappointedly, went to her father’s tomb complaining to him at the misfortunes she met from the people. She recited these verses of poetry:

“There were after you conflicting news and misfortunes,

If you were here, no misfortune would happen.

We have lost you as the earth loses its rain,

And your people turned upside down; come to witness them and do not keep away!

Some men showed us what there was hidden in their hearts,

When you left and the grave kept you away from us

Some men frowned at us and we were disparaged,

When you were lost, and the inheritance was plundered.”

The above verses show that she suffered bitterly because of the terrible atrocities and injustices she faced after the death of her father from his companions after his martyrdom. They did not regard her high position and importance and treated her extremely shabbily.

Curse be upon your killers, O Fatima (s.a.)!

[1]        Aale Imran (3): 102

[2]        Faatir (35): 28

[3]        Taubah (9): 128

[4]        Nahl (16): 125

[5]        Aale Imran (3): 103

[6]        Maaidah (5): 64

[7]        Taubah (9): 49

[8]        Kahf (18): 50

[9]        Aale Imran (3): 85

[10]      Maaidah (5): 50

[11]      Maryam (19): 27

[12]      Naml (27): 16

[13]      Maryam (19): 5-6

[14]      Anfaal (8): 75

[15]      Nisa (4): 11

[16]      Baqarah (2): 180

[17]      Hud (10): 39

[18]      Aale Imran (3): 144

[19]      The tribes of Aws and Khazraj.

[20]      Taubah (9): 13

[21]      Ibrahim (14): 8

[22]      Hud (10): Verses 121-122

[23]      Al-Ihtijaj, vol. 1, pp. 132-141; Sharh Nahj al-Balaaghah by Ibn Abi al-Hadeed, vol. 16, p. 210; Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 29, p. 216.

Some other Historians and scholars mentioned parts from this sermon such as:

al-Mas’udi in Murooj al-Thahab, vol. 2, p. 311; Ibn Mandhur in Lisan al-Arab, vol. 12, p. 331; Kahhalah in A’lam al-Nisa’, vol. 4, pp. 116-119; Ibn Tayfur in Balaaghaat al-Nisa’, p. 414; Ibn Tawus in Kitab at-Tara’if p. 263; Ibn al-Atheer in Ghareeb al-Hadith, vol. 4, p. 273

The Tears of Fatema (a.s.)

In the court of the Caliph, the heart rending crying of the daughter of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), bold and to the point talk with the head of the Islamic State, the wailing and groaning amidst the crowd of the companions of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) reached nook and corner, crossing the boundaries of Medina, the city of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.).

Everywhere, the innocence of Fatema Zahra (a.s.) was being talked of. People wishing to verify the veracity of the incident were forced to take up the matter of caliphate and started pour­ing into the capital, for the purpose. The Govern­ment panicked, and felt that, if the crusade of Fatema (a.s.), defending her innocence is not checked in time, all the Government’s plan would go haywire. With this motive in mind, the govern­ment coaxed a few men and women to go to Hazrat Ali (a.s.) to register a complaint against the crying and wailing of Hazrat Fatema (a.s.), so that it could be discontinued. But it had a reverse effect. Although Fatema (a.s.) did not exhibit any apparent sign of resentment, but reacted to it by intensifying her campaign, against the vic­timisation of Ali (a.s.) and herself. Now she began taking Imam Hasan and Imam Husain (peace be on them) along with her, and would go to the entrance door of Medina to sit there under a cluster of brambles, and start wailing. Caravans, travelers, and passers-by would stop to inquire into the matter. Whosoever, entered the city would face her. Thus they would get a first hand infor­mation about the atrocities of the persons in power and also the oppressive nature of the Government.

Due to the relentless endeavours of Fatema Zahra (a.s.) the government was fully exposed and made to stand in the dock.

When Fatema (a.s.) stayed at home, and grieved, the people who put all sort of questions to the authorities, by taking exception to their behaviour and would criticise them severely. The questioner would ask Abu Bakr and his com­panions about the reason of the woeful condition of Hazrat Fatema (a.s.). There people would shrewdly and diplomatically give dubious and ambiguous answers to these questions and would add the element of doubt into the seriousness of the matter, thereby trying to conceal facts. They usually replied that Fatema (a.s.) is grieving because of the death of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), whom she loved more than any one else.

It was decided by the Government that she could go out of the city area of Medina, and wail and grieve at the entrance. She had no other go than to acquise.

Here, the passers-by used to put questions to her directly for knowing the reason of her woes and wailings.

She would then explain and apprise them with the gist of the matter in her fine and excellent eloquence. She explained in depth about the atrocities that were meted out to her by those at the helm of affairs, and also about the usurpation of “Fadak”. On hearing these facts, they would get worked up, concerned and excited.

When the Government came to know about this, and having sensed the volume of opposition to it, the authorities ordered that the cluster of those brambles be cleared and cut off under which Hazrat Zahra (a.s.) used to sit and narrate her woes. This was a well planned step taken by the Government to cut short her visits to the door of the city. But the daughter of the Holy Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) valor was unmatched and incom­parable. So even this step of the Government could not stop her from going to the cluster of brambles. After this incident, Ali Bin Abi Talib (a.s.), constructed a shed there without any delay, so that is wife could go there and continue her crusade against the wrong doers. Here she could continue her demand for justice, and carry on her wailings. He extended his full co-operation to her as her crusade was sacred in nature. Her relentless endeavours have pin- pointed to us the method of positive action.

But alas! Her continuous wailings and en­deavours and her dynamic zeal and verve, started telling on her health. Her wound started giving her excruciating pain and was increasing each day. Getting exhausted, her stamina of bearing the shock of the Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) death was declining and under the strain of her struggles, she could sit no more. But still, she valiantly continued her struggle bearing a severe pain all the while till she could sustain no more.

Her crusades from the death bed

When Ummul Momeneen Hazrat Umme Salma, may God be pleased with her, came to see her and inquire about her health, she replied that she is greatly bereaved because the Prophet (s.a.w.a.), was out of sight and that the lawful right of the legal trustee has been denied to him and usurped. She became a recluse. On my honour and by God, I can say that they have disregarded my husband. His right to the leader­ship which was entrusted to him on the orders of God and proclaimed by the Messenger of God (s.a.w.a.) was not recognised willfully. Bearing all this malice in their hearts, they unleashed all sort of atrocities which were the machinations of those people whose relatives were killed in the wars of Badr and Ohad by Hazrat Ali (a.s.) at the will of God. Since then, there men were nursing a grudge against Ali (a.s.). Shamelessly, they have all entered into a conspiracy to deprive Haz­rat Ali (a.s.) from becoming Leader, Imam and Wasi, inspite of having been proclaimed as such, personally by the Prophet (a.s.) on the divine command.

Disregarding this factual truth, they had shot an arrow of oppression and destruction from the bow of religion and faith on the pretext of safeguarding the interests of Islam.

When their arrow could not find its mark, they took it away from the bow of religion. They went a step further and did not hesitate to go to the limit of heartlessness and indulged in all sorts of evil acts in the name of religion and God.

This was, just to take revenge from Ali (a.s.) for killing their relatives in the wars of Badr and Ohad. When these people reached the august office of Caliphate, they distorted and threw to the wind, all norms, regulations and rules of religion that were strictly adhered to, by the Prophet (s.a.w.a.).

All the above matters were told privately and personally by Fatema Zahra (a.s.) to Umme Salma (may God be pleased with her) as they shared their views and beliefs. Umme Salma (may God be pleased with her) circulated these matters in a charter from the house, which was the centre of divine Revelation throughout the city.

When these matters from the most revered wife of the Prophet reached the masses, everyone was disturbed and there was air of dissension everywhere and it took the society by storm. This have found its place in the history and left a profound impact. But after her martyrdom, the series of struggles was snapped.

The Last Arrow from the quiver of Fatemi Crusades

The last Arrow that was shot by the Holy Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) daughter against the Govern­ment was so powerful that it laid the foundation of an internal opposition and a continuous revolu­tion. That arrow is still airborne and is in search for the grave of Hazrat Fatema (a.s.) which is awaiting to be discovered since last fourteen cen­turies and is making all learned persons of our time look like a lot of ignorants.

If some institution comes forward and con­stitutes a panel or a forum to initiate fresh research into the early period of Islam to know the correct reason for not according recognition to the appointee of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), whom he (s.a.w.a.) himself had selected for Imamate and Caliphate (being his successor). This panel or forum also can dig out the details of atrocities that were meted out to Hazrat Zahra (a.s.).

Had not the grave of the Prophet’s (a.s.) daughter remained unknown, the Government machinery would have hidden and blotted her innocence. Due to her grave remaining unknown, they could not execute their nefarious plans for lack of opportunity and time.

This was the reason that all Imams and ladies of the family did not disclose the actual place of her burial although they all were knowing the grave of their most Holy and pious Mother Hazrat Zahra (a.s.).

The Will of Masuma-e-Kaunain (a.s.)

Janabe Fatema (a.s.) in the last moments of her life had dictated her will to Hazrat Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) in the following words:

That O the son my uncle, I shall one day be leaving this world and would join my august father. I, therefore, want to speak out what was in my heart.

Hazrat Ali said O daughter of Messenger of Allah, you may proceed. You dictate your will. So saying he sat at the head of her bed. At that time there was no one in the room. Janabe Zahra (a.s.) proceeded further and said that “O the son my uncle, throughout my life I have not given a false state­ment and have not committed any breach of trust I have never gone against you any time.

Hazrat Ali (a.s.} said “God Gracious, you are the most learned, pious, exalted and God fearing. How I can say anything your separation will be extremely painful to me, and would be unbearable. But there is no go. By Allah, I may say that your separation has freshend the wounds of Prophet’s departure. Its a fact that your separation would be difficult to bear. (Innalillahe wa Inna Ilahe Rajeoon) over this tragedy nobody can observe patience and there’s no remedy.

After this, both of them wept for a long time. Hazrat Ali (a.s.) said please proceed with the will. I will surely follow it. I will give preference to your talk than my own.

Janabe Fatema Zahra (a.s.) said “May Allah give you an excellent reward. O the son my uncle, I am now proceeding further. That after me marry Imama, because she would take care of my children, as she is like me. Do not permit those to who have tyrannized me to attend my funeral. Those persons are my enemies. They are enemies of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.). Neither they.nor any of their acquaintance can say my funeral prayers. Bury me in the dead of night

(Razatul Waezeen)

According to another tradition, Janabe Fatema Zahra (a.s.) had willed in the following man­ner:

“O the son of my uncle, when I will depart from this world, you give bath to me. For the purpose of giving bath to me do not undress me, only pour water over my clothes because my body is already clean, used remaining Aromatics that were used for the Prophet (s.a.w.a.). You say prayers on me. All the persons of this house that are present should say my funeral prayers. Bury me in the night time. Lower me in the grave a secret among those who have tyrannized, no one should be permitted to attend my funeral.

O the son of my uncle, I know that you would like to be married. After marriage, remain one night with your wife and one night with my children. O Abul Hasan, do not admonish my children, they will be disheartened soon. They have recently been separated with their grand father, and today they are losing their mother. Curse be on those followers, who would murder them and bear making against them.

After this she recited some verses, the gist of which was as under:

O excellent leader, if you want to weep, you may weep for me, as the day of separation has come. O’ partner of my life, I would like to make a will for my children That people will weep for me and my orphaned children. My son would attain martyrdom at Karbala.(“Fatema Zahra”, Kazim Quzwini, transla­tion, Fari dum, page 589/591).

It is the pain that was stated by Janabe Sayyedah, otherwise nobody could guess the amount of pain that was her heart who could guess it!?

The House of Grief (Bayt al-Huzn)

After the death of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), Fatema (a.s.) was bereaving her father’s demise, and was enduring all the hardships that had been inflicted on her by the adherents of Islam.

These misguided men and women instead of sharing her sorrow and saying a word of comfort to her, went in deputation to Hazrat Ali (a.s.) to complain “that due to her (Fatema (a.s.)), they are being inconvenienced.”

When Hazrat Ali (a.s.) convey their grievance to Hazrat Zahra (a.s.), she replied “O Abul Hasan, I will not live long in this world. But as long as I am alive, I will have no peace of mind, and will go on crying, until I am united with my father.”

After this incident, Hazrat Ali (a.s.) con­structed a shed at a place named, Baqi. Here away from the crowd Fatema (a.s.) used to go and cry for her father. This was the reason that the place got the name of Bait-ul-Ahzaan.

Hazrat Fatema (a.s.) used to visit that place daily along with her two children, and remain there till dusk. There she used to grieve and cry continuously remembering the atrocities and other injustices and also for the demand of justice to rightful legal trustee and heir. In the evening Hazrat Ali (a.s.) would go there to bring her back home.

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), passed from this world with great respect and dignity, but she (Fatema (a.s.)) used to cry for him at Bait-ul-Ahzaan. When atrocities and the tyrannical acts had exceeded the limit of decency, these ungrate­ful and ruthless persons injured the arms of Fatema Zahra (a.s.), broke her ribs, set fire to her house and coerced her children.

Over these hardships should not we weep? Really speaking there was no limit to grief and misery.

Rosary (Tasbeeh) of Janabe Fatema Zahra (a.s.)

Ameerul Momeneen Hazrat Ali Bin Abi Talib (a.s.) had said “Fatema (a.s.) was the most exalted and respected lady of the Prophet’s (a.s.) family. She fetched water-bags so many times that it resulted in making a mark on her chest. Moreover, she swept her house many times in a day, and operated the flour grinding stone mill for many hours, and thereby had con­tracted callouses on her palms. Moreover, for igniting the oven, she lit a big fire, that stained her clothes”.

In a nutshell, all these strenuous household chores were beyond her.

“Observing her slogging so hard I (Ali (a.s.)) suggested her to go to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and request him to provide a maid to help her”.

One day she went to the Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) house and saw that he was engaged in talking to some people. She returned to her house. But the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) knew the cause of her coming. He (a.s.) went to her house and asked, “O my beloved daughter, what was the matter?”

Hazrat Ali (a.s.) related unto him the hardship Fatema (a.s.) had to face. On hear­ing this, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) said, “Can I suggest you something that would be beneficial to you?” So saying, he advised that after every prayer, you should say ALLAHO AKBAR (“God is Greatest “) 34 times,  SUBHAN ALLAH (“Glory Be To God “) 33 times and AL HAMDU LILLAH (“All Praise is for God “) 33 times. It shall be better than having a helper, and also from all other things of the world.

(Elal-ush Sharaye, Vol.2, page 366, and Behaar, vol. 43, page 82)

In some other traditions, much emphasis was laid to this Tasbih, apart from prayers, it was enjoined to recite this before going to bed.

According to other tradition, it was said on the authority of Imam Jafar Sadiq that this Tasbih is useful to the children as well as to the youth.

In another tradition also, it was enjoined that without reciting this Tasbih, your prayers will not be worth accepting.

In this regard, a tradition form Imam Jafar Sadiq says that to recite this Tasbih is much better than performing one thousand rakats of recom­mended prayers.

A Question to Conscience

The highly regarded learned man of Ahle Sunah, Imam Abu Mohammad Ibn Qutiba, wrote in his famous book, “Al Amamatawa Alsiasata”, the following incident on pages 13/14 .

  • That when at the door of Janabe Fatema (a.s.), the noises of Hazrat Umar and the appointed men of the 1st Caliph were heard, the daughter of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) addressed her father loudly and said that “O Father, what troubles were there that were not given to me by the son of Khattab and the son of Qahefa.”
  • When Abu Bakr and Umar visited the ailing Janabe Fatema (a.s.) in her house, she turned away her face, and did not respond to their saluta­tion, and said that have not the people heard the Prophet saying that “The pleasure of Fatema is my pleasure, and the displeasure of Fatema (a.s.) is my displeasure. Whosoever makes her wild, he made me wild. Abu Bakr and Umar said that surely they have heard it from the Prophet (a.s.).

Then Janabe Fatema (a.s.), replied that “I keep Allah and Angels as my witnesses, and said that you people have displeasured me, and when I will meet Rasoole Khuda (a.s.), I shall com­plain to him, and after every prayer, By Allah, I will curse you.

This incident and a renowned tradition about Janabe Fatema Zahra (a.s.) says that the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had said that Fatema is my piece. Whosoever harms her, had harmed me, and whosoever pleases her, he had pleased me.

And the following verse of Holy Quran in­vites our attention and supply food for thought. It is questioning our conscience. Can we satisfy our conscience by giving false excuses?

“Those persons who have harm Allah and his Prophet, Allah, had cursed them in this world and as well as in the world of hereafter, and arranged to make them wretched.”

An Account of Fadak

  1. On 7th Hijri, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had given this place as a gift to his beloved daughter Janabe Fatema (s.a.). She used to administer this place through her appointees.
  2. Just ten days after the demise of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.), Fadak was snatched away from her. Inspite of providing proofs and witnesses, it was not returned to her. It was not considered as a parented heritage and property.
  3. According to Sahih Bukhari the 2nd Caliph had returned it to the successors.
  4. The 3rd Caliph took possession of it by force and gifted it to Marwan.
  5. Mu’aviya in his time divided it into three parts.
  6. Marwan, during the tenure of his Khilafat took all of it in his possession and gifted away to his sons Abdul Malik and Abdul Aziz. It remained in their possession till the time of Umar Bin Abdul Aziz.
  7. Umar Bin Abdul Aziz, got his father’s share as inheritance, he bought the share of Abdul Malik and returned it to the children of Fatema (s.a.).
  8. Yazid Bin Malik, in his time, took it back from the children of Fatema (s.a.), and kept it in his possession.
  9. The 1st Caliph of Bani Abbas, Sa’fah, consider­ing Imam Hasan (a.s.) as a successor of Fatema (s.a.), gave Fadak to him.
  10. Mansoor Dawaniqi, again usurped it.
  11. Mahdi, the son of Mansoor returned it to the children of Hazrat Ali (a.s.).
  12. Moosa, the son of Mahdi, again usurped it. Fadak that was given by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) to Janabe Fatema Zahra (s.a.), was chang­ing hands between the Caliphs of Bani Abbas, till the time of Ma’moun.
  13. Ma’moun, had a religious discussion with a follower of Hazrat-Ali (a.s.) (Alawi), and reached to the decision that Fadak is the property of Janabe Fatema (s.a.). Hence he returned it to her children.
  14. Mutwakkel Abbasi, usurped it and took it in his possession. He gifted it away to Abdulla Bin Umar Baaq. Abdulla Bin Umar Baaq, ordered Bushraan Bin Abi Umaryyi Taqzi to go and cut down all the trees. He went to Medina and cut all the trees. He even cut those eleven trees that were personally planted by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.). When Bushraan returned from Medina to Basrah he was struck by paralysis and died subsequently.

If Fadak was not the property of Fatema Zahra (s.a.w.a.), then why the 2nd Caliph, Umar Bin Abdul Aziz, Sa’fah, Mahdi and Mamoon and other Umayyid Caliphs had returned it to Janabe Fatema (s.a.)?

If Fadak was the property of Fatema Zahra (s.a.w.a.) why the 3rd Caliph, Mu’aviya, Yazid Bin Abdul Malik, Mansoor Dawaniqi, Moosa Bin Mahdi and Mutewakkel added it in their property? And why they gifted it away to others? If Fadak, was the property of Government Treasury, every Muslim was having a right over it; why only a few favorites were considered for keeping it?

Why the 1st Caliph did not do justice by it? And he did not try to earn the pleasure of Janabe Fatema Zahra (s.a.), by giving it to her. This would have resulted in earning the pleasure of Allah as well as of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.).

The Dower of Sayyadah (s.a.)

The Dowry and Mehr of the Holy Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) daughter, Fatema Zahra (s.a.):

1. One Armor 40O or 48O or 50O Dirhams.

2. One pair of cotton Yemeni Gloves.

3. Raw and untanned hide of a goat

(Manaqib Ibn Shahre-Ashoob Vol. 3, p.351).

Islam does not recommend extravagance in fixing Mehr, in the interest of its followers. It says that if the faith and character of a prospective son-in-law are impeccable, one should not bar­gain over Mehr and advises to be content with whatever was fixed voluntarily by the concerned parties, without creating an unnecessary fuss over it. With this point in view, the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) says: “Amongst my followers, those women are excellent, who are beautiful and their Mehr is also less.”

(Wafi, Kitab-e-Nikah p. 15).

Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) says that the enormous Mehr is the main drawback of a woman

(Wafi, Kitab-e-Nikaah p. 15).

Islam believes that a higher Mehr makes a man’s life miserable, and creates many awkward situations in the lives of the faithful. Marriage problems should be made easier, so that the youth can think of getting married and settle for a good family life. This saves them from many social and spiritual evils.

Any unreasonable demand of Mehr makes a man’s life unsound on economical and financial planes, in the very beginning of a married life. It also dissuades them from getting married. Therefore, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has practically set precedence for the followers by giving away his own beloved daughter in marriage to Hazrat Ali (a.s.) on a very nominal dowry. Not only this, the Prophet (s.a.w.a.), did not even take any promise for anything from his prospective son-in-law, Hazrat All (a.s.) in this regard.

The Dowry of Fatema Zahra (s.a.):

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) told Hazrat Ali (a.s.) to go and sell the Armour that was kept aside for Fatema (s.a.) and give him its sale proceeds. So, Hazrat Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.s.), went to the market and sold it. Accordingy to various traditions, the Armor was sold at 400 or 480 or 500 dirhams. When Hazrat Ali (a.s.) brought the proceeds of the sale, the Prophet of God (s.a.w.a.) called for Abu Bakr, Salmaan Farsi and Bilal. He gave some money to them and ordered to get the basic utility items for Janabe Fatema (s.a.). He then gave some money to Asma and told her to get some perfume or any other similar substance of fragrance for his daughter. He (s.a.w.a.) then gave the remaining amount to Umme Salma (s.a.) for other mis­cellaneous expenditures. Abu Bakr says, ‘When I counted that amount, it was 63 Dirhams.
With this amount, we bought the following things:

  1. One white dress,
  2. One big piece of cloth for preparing the head gear.
  3. One black towel, made in Khaiber,
  4. One mattress, made from the fiber of a date tree,
  5. Two cotton mattress, one of goats fleece, and the other was filled with the fiber of date tree,
  6. 4 Pillows made of goat’s hide, filled with Azkhar grass,
  7. Two pieces of Hajari Mattresses,
  8. One manually operated Grinding Mill Stone,
  9. One cup made of Pewter,
  10. One musk (leather water container),
  11. One big tray for washing clothes,
  12. One bowl for milk,
  13. One water pot,
  14. One earthen glass,
  15. One woolen curtain,
  16. Two earthen goblets,
  17. One hide for spreading on the floor,
  18. One shroud,
  19. One lotah (a multi purpose vessel).

When the dowry of Fatema Zahra (s.a.) was presented before the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) tears rolled down his cheeks. He then raised his head and prayed to Allah to bless this wedding, whose dowry comprised mainly of earthen wares.

A Lesson For All Muslims:

The marriage of Hazrat Ali (a.s.) and Janabe Fatema Zahra. (s.a.) is a very sensitive and important model of Islamic marriage. Here, it is to be noticed that the father of bride was a person commanding great esteem and respect not only in the Arabian peninsula but in the entire Muslim world and was also the Messenger of God (s.a.w.a.).

The bride was also not only the brightest and most intelligent woman of Islam, but was also a highly groomed and pious figure and the cream of all the women of the Islamic world. She was highly respected and was counted among the four greatly honored women that have ever existed. The bridegroom was also from the Arab nobility. He was a man of immense knowledge and learning and was the bravest of all the braves. Legally, he was the successor and heir to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.). He was a most trusted minister and an advisor to the Prophet (s.a.w.a.). He was a brave and forceful commander in chief of the Islamic army. The marriage of such a renowned person ought to have been solemnized with great pomp and grandeur. But as the world witnessed, the entire marriage ceremony of the most impor­tant personalities of Islam, was performed in a most simple and modest manner. This was a model for all the faithful to see, and was a perfect example of an Islamic marriage.

If the Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.a.) had wished, he would have performed this marriage on a lavish scale, befitting his social and religious status.

So simple and ordinary was the dowry of the Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) daughter. If the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had wished, he would have celebrated this marriage on a grand scale by raising funds from some source or by borrowing.

After all, it was the marriage of his only daughter. Being a Prophet (s.a.w.a.), he could have claimed “I am a messenger of God and my daughter Fatema (s.a.) is a matchless and infallible woman. I must arrange her marriage as per her virtues, value and status.” But he (The Prophet(s.a.w.a.), did not do so.

Not only this, he could have thought that my prospective son-in- law is not an ordinary man, but a well known personality in the Islamic world. His crusades, acts of bravery and tireless endeavors in the way of God are quite famous. Considering all this, I should arrange for a grand marriage. But he (Prophet ((s.a.w.a.)) refrained from doing so. It was because of the fact that the prophet (s.a.w.a.) was fully aware of the evils of an enormous and substantial dowry and a high profile marriage. As a matter of fact, he wanted to scrap this evil system of dowry in the land and save the Islamic society from innumerable economical and financial strains, hardships and woes. He harnessed the evil monster of dowry and performed the marriage ceremony of his daughter (Fatema Zahra, (s.a.)), in the simplest manner. Otherwise this monster of dowry would have frightened away all young people, from getting married. The dowry system, if allowed to remain unharnessed, would have brought havoc among young men and women.

To eradicate this evil, the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has knowingly and purposefully performed the marriage of his only and matchless daughter in a simple way and has given a very meager dowry. Thus the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has set an example for us to fall in line.On the other hand, Ali Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) was not an ordinary man to yearn for a substantial dowry. Neither was he interested in amassing wealth, nor was he among those young men to press his wife to go to her parents for money. Nor was he a sadist (may God forbid) who would behave with his wife in a tyrannical manner and convert a happy home into a living hell, just because of dowry. Moreover, Hazrat Ali (a.s.) was to become a Leader and Imam in future.

He had all along discouraged this harmful trend, and waged a relentless war against it. He was not interested in worldly comfort and wealth.

Janabe Fatema’s (s.a.) life at a Glance

Name: Janabe Fatema (s.a.)

Kuniyat: Ummul Hasan, Ummul Husain, Ummul Aimmah and Ummul Mohsin

Title: Zahra, Batool, Siddiqa Kubra, Mubarika, Tahira, and Sayyedatun Nisa.

Father: Messenger of Allah, Hazrat Mohammed Mustafa (s.a.w.a.).

Mother: Queen of Arab, Khadeejatul Kubra (s.a.), the first wife of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and the first woman to come under the Faith.

Birth: Born five years after the Declaration of Prophethood in the holy city of Mecca.

Martyrdom: 11th Hijri at Medina Munawwerah, just 75 days, after the demise of the Holy Prophet (s.a..w.a.).

Grave: Due to political expediencies, and as per her own will, she was laid to rest by Hazrat Ali (a.s.) at the dead of the night. To this day, nobody knows where she is actually buried.

Children: Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.), Imam Husain Syed-ush-Shohada (a.s.), Janabe Zainab-e-Kubra (s.a.), Janabe Umme Kulsum (s.a.) and Janbe Mohsin, who had met with an untimely and premature end, while completing the course of conception.

Off-spring of the holiest of holies:

Born on Friday, the twentieth of Jamadi-us-Sania, in the house that was the hub of all religious activities, and the destination of Revelation (Message of God). It was in the courtyard of this house, the Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.a.) used to recite and expound the words of God. This shelter for the orphans and a place of peace and tranquility for the oppressed. This was the house of the Prophet of God (s.a.w.a.) the house of the Prophet and last Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) became the nerve centre of universal love and kindness for the whole of mankind for being the embodiment of all the virtues and the highest of values, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) used to take pride in her, and was more than contented with her. He used to say that she (Fatema (s.a.)) was his soul and that he smells the aroma of heaven in her.

(Kashful Ghummah, vol. 2, pg. 24, Behaar, vol. 3 and Oyoono Akhbaar-ar- Reza, vol. 1 pg. 116).

In short, Hazrat Fatema (s.a.) was the finest example of all that the Prophet of Allah (s.a.w.a.) stood for.

Life with the Prophet (s.a.w.a.):

Janabe Zahra (s.a.) has lived her life in the light of Revela­tion of God, and under the tender care and guidance of a father, who had instilled sense of decency into all human beings, enabling them to lead a perfect life. When she was only two years old, the infidels of Quraish had imposed a social and economical boycott on the Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) family. Therefore, she, along with other family members was forced to take refuge at Shaeb-e-Abu Talib, braving all sorts of difficulties like hunger, thirst, etc for a period of three years. When the boycott was finally lifted, she lost her beloved mother, Janab-e-Khadhija (s.a.), and thus was deprived of motherly love and affection. At the age of eight, immediately after the Hijrat (migration), she along with other members of the family left Mecca for Medina . In Medina, she bore and shared all the hardships along with her father (s.a.w.a.). Once, on hearing about the injury sustained by the Prophet of God (s.a.w.a.), she rushed to the battle field at Uhud, to nurse his injuries.

She grew up with the religion of Allah. Islam and Qur’an were part and parcel of her life. Even after marriage her house was adjacent to the house of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.). The Prophet (s.a.w.a.) of Islam used to visit her frequently. Every day before going to mosque for offering the morning prayers, he used to visit her.

(Kashful Ghummah, vol. 12, pg.13).

Her (s.a.) most revered mother:

The early five years of the life of Fatema (s.a.) were spent under the love and care of her most pious mother, Janabe Khadeejatul Kubra (s.a.), who was noted for her high spiritual values and integrity. About her qualities, the Prophet (s.aw.a.) used to say that Khadeeja (s.a.) was the most excellent and exemplary woman amongst all the Faithful.

(Tazkeratul Khawas, Sibte-Ibn Jauzee, pg.302, Printed at Najaf).

There is no dearth of religious narrators, who have mentioned about the high spiritual qualities of the queen of Arab, Janabe Khadeejah (s.a.) very often. Once, when Ayesha remarked, saying that O’ Messenger of Allah! Khadeejah, was an old woman, and that now God has given you a better one.” On hearing this, the Prophet of Islam was displeased and said that God has not given me any better wife than her. Khadeejah (s.a.) has reposed her faith in me when all were profess­ing infidelity. She stood by me when everybody was trying to brand me all that she had, when others were depriving me. Further, God had willed that I should have my progeny by her.

(Tazkeratul Khawas, pg.303).

She died after ten years of the Declaration of Prophethood (Besat). When Hazrat Khadeejah (s.a.) died, it was young Janabe Fatema Zahra (s.a.), who took her place in the performance of all duties.

The exalted Personality of Fatema Zahra (s.a.):

The personality of “The part of the Prophet’s self” that is, the infallible, Janabe Fatema (s.a.) is surely beyond our capacity of com­prehension and sensibility and above the range of our grasping power, understanding, and praise. She was infallibility, personified. Our love and esteem for her and her family is an essence, a must for every believer and a duty towards God. She was the lady, whose pleasure and displeasure amounts to the pleasure and
displeasure of God. The full significance of her personality can not be understood by us, earthly creatures. We do not possess the intelligence to characterize her. To put it simply, its impossible. For this reason only, we have to take recourse to convey to our readers, her nobility of soul, her exalted nature, her values and virtues, right, from the source of her progeny:

1. As told by her exalted father (s.a.w.a.) there were only four exalted women in this world, name­ly, (1) Janabe Mariam (s.a.), daughter of Imran (2) Janabe Khadeeja (s.a.), daughter of Khuwaylid

(3) Janabe Fatema (s.a.), daughter of Mohammed (s.a.w.a..)and

(4) Janabe Aasia (s.a.), daughter of Mazahim (wife of Firaon).

(Manaqib, Behaar).

2. Imam Musa al-Kazim (a.s.), said that once the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said that God has selected four women only, and they are Mariam, Aasia, Khadeejah and Fatema.

(Behaar and Fazaael-e-Sadoq).

3. Imam Reza (a.s.) quotes that Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) used to say that Hasan (a.s.) and Husain (a.s.) were the most superior men in this world. And their mother was the best of all the women.

(Behaar, Oyoono Akhbaar- al-Reza)

4. Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (a.s.) was once asked, as to why Janabe Fatema (s.a.) was called Zahra? He (a.s.) said that when she used to stand under the arch (Mehraab) for  offering prayers, her radiance used to shed light for those high up in the skies in the same manner as the stars shed their light on the earth for the benefit of it’s inhabitants.

(Behaar, Maani-ul-Akhbaar and Elal- ush-Sharaaye)

5. Imam Mohammed Baqir (a.s.) had quoted that once the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) had sent Janabe Salmaan-e-Farsi (r.a.) on some errand to the house of Fatema (s.a.). On reaching there he stood at the door and saluted (Salaam) her. He then heard that Janabe Fatema (s.a.) was busy recit­ing Qur’an, and that the grinding stone flour mill was automatically functioning, as if it were being operated by an unseen hand.

(Behaar, Manaaaqib Ibn, Shahre Aashob vol. 3, pg.16)

The Holy Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) love towards Fatema (s.a.):

It was the unlimited affection and kindness of the Great Messenger of God (s.a.w.a.) that enhances the esteem of the per­sonality of Hazrat Fatema Zahra (s.a.). It was obvious that she did not draw all this attention, regard and affection for just being the daughter of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), but all this greatness was based on the Qur’anic verse “And he does not speak of his desire. He speaks only what is revealed to him.” (Surah Najm).

Let us, therefore, study some of the sayings of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) to understand his love and affection for his unparallel daughter:

1. It was customary on the part of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) that when starting for journey, he would visit Fatema (s.a.) to bid her farewell. On his return, he would pay her a visit immediately.

(Behaar, Kashful Ghumma and Mannaqib Ibn ShahreAashob)

2. The Messenger of Islam (s.a.w.a.), used to say, “Fatema is a part of my body. Whoever pleases her, pleases me and whosoever harms her harms me. To me, Fatema is of the highest value and esteem”

(Kash­ful Ghummah, vol.2, pg. 24).

3. Aamer Shobi, Hasan Basari, Sufyaan Sauri, Mujahid, Ibn Jubair and Ja’bir Bin Abdul­lah Ansari all have quoted on the authority of Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) that the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had said that Fatema (s.a.) was a part of me and whoever displeases her, he has actually displeased me.”

Bukhari, from Masur Bin Mukrami, has also quoted this tradition.

Some moral aspects of Fatema (s.a.)’s life:

1) Piety: Hazrat Imam Jafar (a.s.) and Janab Jaabir Ansari have mentioned this tradition saying that the Messenger of Islam (s.a.w.a) had seen Fatema (s.a) wearing thick and coarse clothes, manually  operating a stone grinding mill, and at the same time feeding her child. Seeing this pathetic scene the Prophet (s.a.w.a) broke down. He (s.a.w.a.) then said, that my daughter has to bear these hardships of this world to taste the sweet fruits of the hereafter. She (s.a.) had said, “O Prophet of Allah (s.a.w.a.)! I am thankful to Allah for His bounties.” At that moment a revelation came.

“And soon shall your lord bestow you (with such bounties] then you shall be satisfied.”

2) Household Chores: Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) says that Hazrat Ali (a.s.) used to fetch water and wood for burning. Janabe Fatema (s.a.) used to grind wheat, knead dough and prepare bread. She was extremely beautiful and her sacred cheeks were prettier than any flower. May God bless her, her husband and her sons.

(Rauza-e-Kafi)

Hazrat Ali (a.s.) had said that Janabe Fatema (s.a) used to bring water in large quantities in a water bag. As a result there was a mark on her chest. She also used to operate a stone grinding mill for hours together, due to which her clothes would get soiled by the accumulation of the flour dust. While cooking she would ig­nite so much fire that her clothes would get dirty. Suf­fice it is to say, that she has faced numerous hardships in this respect.

(Behaar, Baitul Ahzaan)

3) Janabe Fatema (s.a) never demanded anything from her hus­band: Once Hazrat Ali (a.s.) asked Janabe Fatema (s.a), “Is there anything to eat?” She replied, “O my honor and by Allah, who had accorded highest priority to your right, that there is noth­ing at home that could be served, since last three days.” Hearing this Hazrat Ali (a.s.) asked ‘Then why did you not inform me?” Janabe Fatema (s.a.) replied that the Prophet of Allah (s.a.w.a.) had told her strictly not to ask nor demand anything from the son of his uncle. “Whatever he would give you voluntarily, you should accept it without uttering a word.”

(Behaar, vol. 43, p.31, Tafseer-e-Ayaashi, vol. p.171).

4) Mutual understanding in matrimonial life: Ameerul Momineen Ali (a.s.) said, I swear by Allah, as long as Janabe Fatema (s.a) was alive, I have never displeased her nor forced her to do any work. She on her part also did not give me a chance to get annoyed. Whenever, I used, to look towards her, all my worries disappeared.

(Behaar, Kashful Ghumma and Baitul Ahzaan).

 5) Veil:

Hazrat Imam Musa (a.s.) says on the authority of his forefathers, that Ameerul Momineen Ali (a.s.) had said that: Once a blind man sought permission to come in the house. She then wrapped around herself a piece of cloth. When the Prophet of Allah (s.a.w.a.) asked her as to why she wrapped herself when the man was blind and that he could not see her, she replied, “Though he cannot see me, but I can see him and that he can smell my fragrance.” Then the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) proclaimed, “I bear witness, that you are a part of myself.”

(Behaar, A’yaanus Shia)

6) Chastity: Replying to the question as to what is best for a woman, she (s.a.) said that the finest thing for a woman is not to give men an opportunity to see her nor should they themselves look at men.

The Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.a.) asked his com­panions that when could a woman be in close proximity with Allah? Janabe Fatema (s.a.) replied that a woman is nearest to Allah when she stays at home.

7) Division of duties with the maid-servant of the house: Salmaan Farsi states that once he saw Janabe Fatema (s.a.) grinding on the stone flour mill, while blood was oozing down the length of it’s wooden handle because her hands were bruised. At that time Imam Husain (a.s.), who was a child was crying due to hunger. He then beseeched to Janabe Fatema (s.a.) “O daughter of Allah’s Mes­senger (s.a.w.a.)! your hands are bruised, let Fizza do the work.” She replied,’ The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had advised me to share thework be­tween Fizza and myself on alternate days. And yesterday was Fizza’s turn of work.”

(Behaar, Baitul Ahzaan)

Martyrdom:

After the demise of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), all sorts of hardships that were meted out to Janabe Fatema (s.a.) had shocked her tremendously. On one hand, the effects of separation from her kind and exalted father pained her while on the other, the nefarious and opportunistic activities of unscrupulous persons, who had usurped the rightful caliphate from Haz­rat Ali (a.s.) grieved her. Although the pain­ful incident, in which her ribs were broken, had rendered her weak and feeble, yet it was unable to dampen her spirits. In the short span of just 60 to 90 days she faced such hardships that could have melted the heart of a lion. Therefore, she used to address her beloved father, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), thus: “If these hardships and sorrows that have befallen on me, would have befallen on a bright day, it would have surely turned into a black night.” These were the heart rending feelings of Janabe Siddiqa-e-Tahira (s.a) that were expressed by her without an iota of exaggeration in it. Surely, it was a way of expression.

After the demise of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), it was customary on the part of Janabe Fatema Zahra (s.a) to weep incessantly. Everyday, she used to go to the grave of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and other martyrs. On returning home and remembering the Prophet (s.a.w.a), feeling lonely due to his absence and his actions on the verses of the Qur’an, she would start weeping again. This was her continued expression of protest and resent­ment against the oppressive regime. It is shocking to mention that even her mourning was being criticized by the people of Medina .

Such was the attitude adopted by those who till yesterday said that if anybody said that the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had died, he would be be­headed. But today, even the mourning of the daughter of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) in his memory was an anathema for the so called faithful.

Outside Medina in the graveyard of Baqi, Baitul Ahzaan (The house of grief) was con­structed. (It is astonishing to note that within this short period of time, such change in behavior and attitudes could not have taken place, until and unless, it was well calculated thoroughly preplanned).

Janabe Sayyadah (s.a.w.a) along with Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) used to go there daily for mourning. At dusk, Hazrat Ali (a.s.) would come there and bring her back home. This incessant mourning and the injury on her ribs started taking its toll and her health began to deteriorate, resulting in her becoming bed-ridden.

Finally while unable to endure hardships, and the excruciating pain of the injury and the shock thereof, she succumbed and breathed her last on 13th Jamadiul Awwal or 3rd Jamadius Sani, just 75 or 95 days after the death of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Due to her tragic end, the hearts of all shias were broken forever. O God! for the sake of your chosen maid, and for the sake of her unlimited innocence, we plead You to hasten the Reappearance of Yusuf-e-Zahra, Hazrat Wali-e-Asr, and count us among his helpers, associates and slaves -Aameen.